Several regions in the United States are reporting an increase in the occurrence of Lyme disease cases, and the numbers are expected to rise as the weather gets warmer.
Humans can be infected with Lyme Disease through tick bites, which can transmit a bacteria from the Borrelia family. The identifying symptoms of Lyme disease infection include rashes or redness on the skin around the area where the insect bit.
The states of Michigan and Indiana have been some of the most affected by this type of infection. According to the Center for Disease Control the number of infections recorded in Indiana has almost tripled in the last decade leading to 2013.
The rising number of cases can be partially explained by the increase in housing development projects and other types of incursions into previously wild natural habitats. With population growth the need for new housing projects and commercial developments has risen, and most of the land on which they are being build was previously either barren land, agricultural fields, forests and other types previously uninhabited by humans.
Each of these types of land can house a natural breeding ground for ticks. While using chemicals as repellents in and around your house can reduce the risk of bites, people can still be exposed in open grass areas such as parks or camping sites.
Another reason for the increasing number of tick bites and Lyme disease infections, is the growing number of people who exercise outdoors in order to increase health or maintain their physical shape. While doctors recommend outdoor sports, they also recommend that these activities be practiced in safe areas that ensure minimum contact with wildlife and insects.
The number of Lyme disease cases, will most likely increase over the summer, with millions of people participating in outside activities centered around parks or forest and mountain trails.
However if people inspect their scalp and other exposed skin areas after lying on grass, sand or soil, they can drastically reduce the chances of being infected. A tick has to be attached to the body for at least 30 hours before it can start spreading the bacteria.
Consulting your doctor or a specialist as soon as symptoms appear is also crucial. As with any other medical problems consulting a physician can reduce the risk of infection as well as increasing the rate of success in case of treatment.
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