It seems that daylight saving time does not just lead to frustration, but it also causes Seasonal Affective Disorder in some people. Based on some studies, this clock adjustment increases the risk of pedestrian fatalities and sleep disorders as well.
Daylight saving time was first issued as a law in 1916, during World War I in Germany. However, this regulation became official in the United States in 1996. Seasonal affective disorder is caused by the change in sunlight exposure and time changes.
Specialists define it as a type of depression which occurs during fall and winter. Based on the recent findings, between five and ten percent of patients experience Seasonal Affective Disorder. This condition is more prevalent in adolescents, children, and females.
Besides feeling depressed, patients can also experience other symptoms such as insomnia, excessive sleep, a very active appetite, weight gain, and carbohydrate cravings. It is worth mentioning that mammals which hibernate experience the same symptoms during the winter season.
The United States public health officials have taken active measures to raise awareness among local communities and provide Americans with medical assistance. For instance, the Mental Health Department in Ohio offers citizens the opportunity to contact a crisis counselor by typing the ‘4hope’ keyword to 741-741.
Besides the fact that the service is free, people will receive medical advice on how to cope with stressful situations caused by Seasonal Affective Disorder. Other SAD symptoms include anger, difficulty concentrating, persistent tiredness, lack of interest regarding any daily activity, feelings of loneliness, and even suicidal thoughts.
Fortunately, there are several treatments available to tackle SAD symptoms, and one of them is the light box therapy during which patients are introduced in an environment which imitates outdoor light by generating broad-spectrum UV light.
Doctors usually prescribe this therapy for around thirty minutes every morning with the device at between a twelve and 24-inch distance from the user.
Also, experts recommend a 10,000-lux light intensity. According to the FDA specialists, conventional medication includes antidepressant treatment and bupropion. However, every type of medicine must be prescribed and thoroughly monitored by a health care professional to prevent patients from falling prey to substance abuse.
Besides this, psychotherapy proved to be a reliable method for treating Seasonal Affective Disorder as well.
Image Source: Medical Daily