According to a new study, strokes are easily preventable if patients follow some simple health rules. The disorder is among the top death causes in the United States at the moment, affecting the physically challenged, the middle-income, and the low-income groups the hardest.
The new paper that was published in the Lancet journal states that almost nine are out ten strokes are easily preventable if the patients adequately address the risk factors. The scientists involved in the study also gave ten examples of the most common contributors, all of them being conditions that can be avoided with little effort.
“We have confirmed the ten modifiable risk factors associated with 90% of stroke cases in all regions, young and older and in men and women,” the principal investigator declared.
Martin O’Donnell, a scientist at the Population Institute for Health Research at McMaster University and the lead researcher in the cited study, enumerated all of the main health hazards that lead to strokes.
It seems that the main culprit, in this case, is hypertension. The illness is one of the most manageable conditions. It can be held in check by both a proper diet and medication. From what O’Donnell stated, 48 percent of all stroke can be avoided if hypertensive patients managed their disorder.
“The study also confirms that hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor in all regions, and the key target of reducing the burden of stroke globally,” he added.
Other key contributors to the high number of strokes registered annually in the United States are: insufficient physical activity (in 36 percent of the cases), high cholesterol levels (27 percent), an improper diet (19), smoking (12 percent), other cardiovascular conditions (9 percent), diabetes (4 percent), alcohol abuse (6 percent), and stress (6 percent).
The risk factors vary from region to region. For example, in North America and Western Europe, more than 40 percent of strokes are caused by poorly managed hypertension. However, in Southeast Asia and Australia, the number rises to a shocking 60 percent.
For alcohol abuse, the lowest percentage is registered in Australia, North America, and Eastern Europe, while in South Asia and Africa the numbers are considerably higher.
In China, the biggest impact is made by the significant lack of physical activity.
“Our findings will inform the development of global population-level interventions to reduce stroke, and how such programs may be tailored to individual regions. This includes better health education, more affordable healthy food, avoidance of tobacco, and more affordable medication for hypertension and dyslipidemia,” Salim Yusuf, co-author of the study declared.
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