It seems that middle-aged people are no longer the ones with the highest risk towards kidney stone development because a study has shown how kidney stones gain increased prevalence in US teens. African-Americans of all ages, as well as females, have also portrayed a rather hefty increase in comparison to traditional statistics.
In regards to statistics, Nephrolithiasis (kidney stones) diagnostics in patients has increased from 1997 to 2012 by 16% overall. The highest annual increased was discovered in adolescent patients with 4.3% each year, while females and African-Americans were marked at 3% and 2.9% respectively.
Kidney stones occur when a higher intake of sodium is accompanied by a lowering of water and calcium consumption. Symptoms pertaining to this disease range from none to severe, depending on the size of the stone. Abdominal pains and nausea are the most common effects of Nephrolithiasis if the stone remains in the kidney while hematuria, urinating blood, occurs if the stone has traveled to the uterine tract.
In terms of treatments towards this disease, invasive methods are not necessarily required if the size of the stone is relatively small. By drinking high amounts of water while taking prescribed medical treatments, painkillers being the most commonly used, the stone will eventually pass through the system.
But if the kidney stone is larger, making it unable to go through the urinary tract, invasive maneuvers will become the only viable methods towards removing the stone. These types of treatments are varied, ranging from removal surgery or parathyroid gland surgery to breaking the stone into smaller ones that can be eliminated naturally through the use of sound waves.
Another viable method of removal that is still invasive but does not require surgery is the use of a special scope that gets inserted through the urethra and bladder. This thin tube, called ureteroscope, is equipped with a camera and small appendages that break the stone or completely remove it once it is located. Full or partial anesthesia will be required in addition to a stent that gets placed in the urethra in order to alleviate bladder pain and pressure.
In regards to the study, the pattern which emerged from it concerning the higher risk of kidney stones that threatens adolescents can help doctors in creating prevention treatments and screening processes. By knowing exactly what portion of the general populace presents a higher risk, prevention methods can be developed in a more suitable manner by health regulators and physicians.
Taking into account the fact that kidney stones gain increased prevalence in US teens, the general public should exercise a higher degree of caution when opting to drink beverages with high amounts of sodium. The advice concerning a daily intake of 15 cups of water per day should be taken into account as well.