In the long run, to unlock the secrets of the Universe, the scientists have managed to assemble a device which is capable of telling us more about the world we live in. The dark matter detector receives an upgrade, making it 20 percent more sensitive than before.
The dark matter particle detector, a real life behemoth, is situated in South Dakota, buried deep under a durable rock bed.The LUX detector, as the scientists call it, is situated in an underground scientific complex at approximately 1 mile below the ground. Also, the instrument is a part of the Sanford Underground Laboratory, which some years ago, played a key role in Raymond Davies’s experiment concerning neutrino particles.
Aiming at conducting further regarding the existence of dark matter, the scientist working for the underground research complex have teamed up with a group of researchers from the University of Edinburgh. Lately, the British researchers have found a way to increase the sensitivity of the LUX detector, extending its power by more than 20 percent.
In traditional astrophysics, dark matter represents another phase of normal matter, consisting of compact, dense and invisible particles. These elusive particles are considered to be the building blocks of the Universe. Further measurements have determined that 95 percent of the observed Universe has dense pockets of dark matter. Unfortunately, up until now, the existence of dark matter was yet to be proved through scientific facts. Scientists acknowledge that dark matter could exist, basing their inference of certain cosmic effects.
Basically, dark matter can be identified via some very specific effects such as gravitational force or the occasional light bending.
But with the aid of the newly-improved LUX detector, scientists are confident that they will be able to get more clues as to this elusive cosmic phenomenon. The gigantic instrument is fine-tuned in order to pick up a certain type of subatomic particles called WIMPs.
WIMPs or weakly interacting massive particles are considered to be somehow tied to dark mark. Some scientists would argue that the scampish particles are the building blocks of dark matter waves. Using this information and the improved instruments, the scientists working in the underground complex are now able to take another look at the data gather by the LUX detector back in 2013. Usually, these WIMP subatomic particles are particularly hard to detect since they don’t often interact with regular matter. Moreover, it would seem that picking them up in scope is even harder because their unique signature may be masked by background cosmic radiation.
The reason why the instrument was placed underground is because the scientist what to shield the device from any outside radiation.