Over the past years, doctors and scientists discovered that some forms of cancer may be associated with alcohol consumption. Nowadays, a study reveals that a new type of cancer has been added to the list. Hence, individuals who consume white wine in quantities exceeding the recommended dose are more susceptible to developing melanoma, rather than other people who consume small amounts or none, at all, according to the Brown University researchers in Providence, Rhode Island.
More worrying is the fact that melanoma is also one of the deadliest types of skin cancer. When compared to other alcoholic beverages such as liquor, beer, or even red wine, the researchers discovered that white wine carries the biggest impact on melanoma risk. Also, as opposed to non-drinkers, people who consume alcohol regularly displayed a predisposition to melanoma for the body parts that are otherwise sheltered from the sun.
Eunyoung Cho, the co-author of the study says that alcohol consumption makes humans more susceptible to sunburns. Ms. Cho is an associate professor of dermatology and epidemiology at Brown’s University Warren Medical School. According to Dr. Cho, one reason as to why alcohol drinkers are more prone to cancer is that the substance comes in contact with the patient’s tissue. Furthermore, acetaldehyde, a compound found in alcohol, actually damages the DNA string and prevents the sequence to repair itself.
“It’s a well-known carcinogen”, says Eunyoung Cho.
However, even if the scientists understand how alcohol impacts the human body, they do not yet have a clear explanation as to what role does alcohol play in patients who suffer from breast cancer.
The study involved approximately 210,000 participants. The researchers gathered vital information on their place of residence, drinking habits, and health records for 18 years. During that time, nearly 1,300 subjects were diagnosed with invasive melanoma. According to the study, one drink equals a 14 percent higher risk of melanoma. In this case, one drink was equivalent to 0.45 oz of pure alcohol.
When closely looking at individuals who preferred white wine, the researchers discovered that one drink was responsible for a 13 percent increased risk of invasive melanoma. The risk of developing invasive melanoma by consuming other alcoholic beverages was unsubstantial. However, more research is required as the sample only focused on Caucasian individuals. Hence, scientists will perform other studies in the future on African-American, Hispanic, and Asian subjects.
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