A new UN science panel offers a set of recommendations for reaching the climate change goals agreed upon last year.
The full report will be published in 2018 as a guide for governments trying to cut greenhouse gas emissions and to limit the temperature rise to 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit.
The UN study analyses the impact of the temperature increase on the ice sheet from Greenland, on the coral reefs and other vulnerable parts of the globe.
One of the scientists said that the new report would connect the fight against global warming with other worldwide concerns, such as sustainable growth and fighting poverty.
“It comes at a moment there is urgency and also momentum to bring science and policy together to make an important decision. It’s most likely the most pressing report the IPCC will have to produce,” said Thelma Krug, a Brazilian scientist who is IPCC vice chair.
In December, world leaders committed to limit the temperature increase at. 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit by restricting greenhouse gas emissions coming from burning fossil fuels. The targets are set for the second half of the century.
The Paris meeting set very strict global warming limits, as the scientific community was not expecting goals to go below 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit. The researchers are now trying to keep up with the high standards set by the world leaders and to support their pursuits with more advanced theories and assumptions to fulfill their long-term plans.
Meanwhile, the global temperature rise came to be of 2.5 degrees Fahrenheit in the first six months of 2016, making this year the warmest period since the beginning of the monitoring in the 19th century.
Many other studies show that the 2.7 limit will be reached as fast as five years, while others demonstrate the importance of developing new technologies to extract the greenhouse gasses from Earth’s atmosphere. Other actions to be taken involve mass tree planting.
The experts say that costly action in the present will prevent the even more expensive consequences of heat waves, floods, rising ocean levels and extinctions in the fauna.
The vast majority of the participants in the UN science panel agreed that the ambitious target might be achieved if combined with the other UN goals such as ending hunger and poverty, standards which are set for completion by the end of 2030.
The ultimate purpose is to create a fundamental transformation of the global economy. The experts highlight the fact that prosperity on a global level is not possible without water, food, stability, and general health.
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