Every time a cardiac arrest happens outside hospital doors, rates of survival become dramatically small. People do not know how to deal with alarming situations and most of the times they fail to provide the necessary care and support to avoid fatal consequences.
The Institute of Medicine in the US became aware of the situation and now is calling for a national campaign to fight cardiac arrest, known to have a survival rate of only 6% outside a hospital. Official CPR training could boost the chances of survival for those who suffer from heart failure, reaching a peak of 11% in chances of recovery.
The initiative to start an intensive CPR training program saw the light of day in official offices after details of a recent report revealed that in cardiac arrest cases happening outside hospitals, defibrillators are used by bystanders only 4% of the time. The figures are alarming, as a simple maneuver could save a human life.
Furthermore, intervention by bystanders should happen more often and this can be improved with the help of a special training program set to teach citizens about the importance of immediate intervention whenever they witness a heart failure case. Doctors say that at the present moment, intervention by bystanders is rare as people are terrified of hurting the person. This is not a good approach because bystanders are ultimately the best chance of helping survival when there are not doctors on the scene.
More than 600.000 people in the US fall victims of cardiac arrest on a yearly basis. More than 395.000 CA cases occur outside hospital doors and only 24% of patients in hospitals survive extreme cases of heart failure. Presently, cardiac arrest is the third leading cause of death in the US, apart from cancer and heart disease.
Cardiac arrests are highly dangerous, as unlike cases of heart attack, caused by a narrowing blockage of the coronary artery preventing blood from reaching the heart, cardiac arrest is caused by an inconsistence of the electrical activity of the heart that stops it from beating.
Reports show that 8 of 10 cardiac arrests happen in the home and 46% are witnessed by a poorly informed person. Less than 3% of the population receives CPR training, dramatically limiting the ways they can improve the situation.
Education and training for people to recognize cardiac arrest and understand how to react efficiently could boost the chances of survival for those who experience the unfortunate situation. Furthermore, doctors suggest the upgrade of EMS systems and dispatcher-assisted CPR, along with the development of strategies and programs to improve care in hospitals. Las but not least, survival rates could meet an increase provided officials take into account an expansion of research initiatives into cardiac arrest resuscitation.Officials are calling for more awareness for sudden cardiac arrest cases, as “Cardiac arrest survival rates are unacceptably low”.
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