According to a new study, global warming may be responsible for the increase in number of Lyme disease cases.
At the moment, Pennsylvania is the state with the most number of Lyme disease cases, as per the specialists.
The warming weather is the perfect breeding environment for the ticks that spread the Lyme disease.
One of the ticks that carry this disease is the blacklegged tick, also known as the deer tick.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lyme disease is a serious condition caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. The illness is usually transmitted when and individual gets bitten by a blacklegged tick.
Some of the symptoms of Lyme disease include headaches, fatigue, fever and skin rashes.
The disease can seriously affect the joints, the heart and the nervous system, especially if left untreated.
A new report released by the CDC suggests that Lyme disease was the fifth most common reported disease in the United States in 2013. The illness mostly affected 14 states in the upper Midwest and the northeast of the US.
The states with the most reported cases of Lyme disease are Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Delaware, Connecticut, Wisconsin, Virginia, Vermont, Rhode Island, New York, New Hampshire and Minnesota.
A team of scientists from the Department of Environmental Protection in Pennsylvania in collaboration with Department of Environmental Protection has conducted a new research to determine the causes that lead to the spreading of Lyme disease in the state of Pennsylvania.
The study revealed that the population of blacklegged ticks has increased significantly since the mid-1960s. Also, the study showed that the tick population has reached areas where this type of ticks did not exist before.
John Quigley, one of the scientists involved in the research, said that the increased population of blacklegged ticks poses a very high risk of Lyme disease to the people living in Pennsylvania.
Rachel Levine, another researcher involved in the study, said that warm weather could expose people more to the pests that carry this disease.
Levine advises people to wear protective clothing and to apply insect repellent on their body in when they are outside.
Also, after spending time outside, people should check if they have any insect bite marks on their body.
Parents should check their kids for ticks after spending time outdoors and should take a shower in order to prevent the transmission of Lyme disease.
If bitten by a tick, the person should try to remove it using a pair of tweezers with a very fine tip.
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