Two new studies found that women in their middle age with type 2 diabetes face considerably higher risks of cardiovascular disease than men.
One of the studies belongs to Giuseppe Seghieri, diabetologist at the Agenzia Regionale Sanita, Italy, was presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. His study included a detailed analysis of more than three million Italian residents over the age of 15 of which 53% were females. His team of researchers found that diabetic women tend to have a higher diabetes related risks of cardiovascular diseases than men. Acute myocardial infarction was more common in women, whereas the risk of congestive heart failure and ischemic stroke was more balanced.
The second study, also presented at the same event, was of Xue Dong, professor at the Azhongda Hispital of Southeast University, China. He and his team examined the risk of acute coronary syndrome in women and men with type 2 diabetes by studying statistical data from ten other studies on this subject. In total, data from more than 11 million people was analyzed.
Xue Dong and his colleagues concluded that the risk of acute coronary syndrome that was linked to diabetes was 2.45 in women and only of 1.69 in men.
In the first study, the risks of cardiovascular diseases associated with diabetes for women and men were compared by age groups. The highest difference occurred between the ages of 45-54, where women’s risk of cardiovascular diseases doubled that of the men’s – 5.823, and respectively 2.869. While between the ages of 55-64, women had a risk for ischemic stroke of 4.129, compared to the risk of men which was of only 3.033. Congestive heart failure rates showed similar results, 6.818 versus 4.102.
The author of the first study explained that diabetic women are greatly disadvantage by the diseases, at least compared to diabetic men. Seghieri said that, for women, the risk windows opens even more in the perimenopausal phase. He claims that his study will lead to advancements in diabetes prevention and treatment, as now we are aware of the disease’s gender oriented impact.
The authors of the first study dusted out three previous Italian studies which collected data from 2005 to 2012. Researchers observed that the higher risk of cardiovascular diseases in diabetic women has been documented before, but the authors of these studied said that further research is to be made on the subject, and were curious whether the risk may change with age.
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