Some women are more vulnerable to certain diseases, therefore breast cancer prevention is essential for them in order to reduce the risks as much as possible.
Experts stress that these women who suffer from gene mutations should go for a mastectomy. According to Dr. Christopher Shale, McKay-Dee Hospital reconstructive and plastic surgeon, there are two types of breast genes which doctors have discovered until now.
More precisely, these genes are known as BRCA 1 and BRCA 2, and their role is to tackle breast cancer. Women who develop breast cancer suffer a mutation in these genes. Dr. Shale further adds that a BRCA 1 mutation means that there is a 50 percent risk that you will develop breast cancer, whereas if you have the BRCA 2 gene mutation, your risk increases by 40 percent.
However, breast cancer prevention is still possible despite these mutations. Besides the constant monitoring, the risk can be reduced through mastectomies. Even Hollywood stars, such as Angelina Jolie, went for a double mastectomy in 2013 to find out her risk of developing this disease.
Although this type of treatment is not 100 percent efficient, Dr. Shale continues by saying that these mastectomies reduce to risk of cancer to one percent. The next breast cancer prevention step is reconstruction, including implants or body tissue.
According to Dr. Shale, the second option is better as it comes with additional advantages because “Using your tissue is a great option because it’s yours. If you gain weight, it gets bigger; if you lose weight, it gets smaller.” In other words, it means that you won’t have to worry about any consequences as this procedure is safer.
Women usually choose reconstruction to feel more comfortable with their bodies. Depending on the doctor’s recommendation, the patient will find out whether mastectomy is their best bet to tackle breast cancer.
Still, breast cancer prevention is also possible if you improve your lifestyle with a healthy diet and exercises. These changes will not just reduce the risks of cancer, but also obesity and heart diseases. Experts will continue their research to develop better strategies and to find other revolutionary treatment that will be better than mastectomy.
Image Source:CBS News